basic poetry terms

Young Writers have promoted poetry and creative writing within schools and poetry competitions for the past 29 years. Close repetition of consonant sounds, especially initial consonant sounds. 37 Common Poetry Terms Here's a list of common poetry terms and their definitions, including the meanings of assonance, consonance, quatrain, enjambment, refrain, and so much more. Line consisting of 10 syllables. Unit of measure in a metrical line of poetry. a group of lines arranged together. Free Verse Poetry . tetrameter (4 feet) Foot consisting of a stress followed by 2 unstressed syllables. The repetition of the same consonant sound. The "music" of the poem. Line 2 is repeated in line 6, and it follows a ABaAabAb rhyme scheme. Tetrameter. Flashcard maker : speaker. A small book of about 24-50 pages. Info. Assonance. Synaesthesia: A rhetorical figure that describes one sensory impression in terms of a different sense, or one perception in terms of a totally different or even opposite feeling. Metaphor: A comparison between two unlike things, this describes one thing as if it were something else. Example: "darkness visible" "green thought". Consonance: Consonance is similar to alliteration, because it involves the same consonant being repeat… Alliteration: A poem is using alliteration when several words that start with the same consonant are placed close together. Alliteration: The repetition of identical consonant sounds, most often the sounds beginning words, in close proximity. Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds in words. The good news is that poetry language is the same for all, so all of the terms you learned at GCSE level can be used and built upon during your next stage of education.. Following the rhyme scheme of the Villanelle, but with five extra couplets just after each tercet. Decasyllable. Rhythm. Foot (prosody): A measured combination of heavy and light stresses. Rhyme scheme: The pattern of rhyme, usually indicated by assigning a letter of the alphabet to each rhyme at the end of a line of poetry. Words. Onomatopoeia. Octosyllable. Quatrain: a four-line stanza or poetic unit. Shakespearean sonnet: A fourteen-line poem written in iambic pentameter, composed of three quatrains and a couplet rhyming abab cdcd efef gg. A term meaning “the art of poetry,” an ars poetica poem expresses that poet's aims for poetry and/or that poet's theories about poetry. Metaphysical conceit: An elaborate and extended metaphor or simile that links two apparently unrelated fields or subjects in an unusual and surprising conjunction of ideas. Poetry Terms; Iambic pentameter Shakespeare's plays were written mostly in iambic pentameter, which is the most common type of meter in English poetry. While I try to explain them as I go, I often drop common poetry terms on this blog in the course of describing poetic forms, during poet interviews, and more. Preview and details Files included (1) docx, 15 KB. Close repetition of consonant sounds--anywhere within the words. (Emphasized syllables are in caps. When two words sound the same, especially at the end of each line, as in "He shall no longer be/a … This week, we look at the sedoka, a 6-line question and answer Japanese form. The list is intended as a quick-reference guide and is by no means exhaustive; similarly, the definitions given below aim for practical utility rather than completeness. Anaphora: Repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of a line throughout a work or the section of a work. can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain. Rhyme. Example: She sells seashells down by the seashore. Caesura. 30 Basic Poetry Terms. http://www.constitution.org/col/amazing_grace.htm. Free verse. Learn how to understand open and closed form in poetry with BBC Bitesize KS3 English. Hyperbole (overstatement) and litotes (understatement): Hyperbole is exaggeration for effect; litotes is understatement for effect, often used for irony. Literary Genres and Subgenres (Fiction, Nonfiction, Drama, and Poetry) - Video and Worksheet - Duration: 23:30. Apostrophe: Speaker in a poem addresses a person not present or an animal, inanimate object, or concept as though it is a person. dimeter (2 feet) Closed form poetry uses patterns of rhymes and stanzas, whereas open form poetry is freeform. Stanza. Volta: The "turning" point of a Petrarchan sonnet, usually occurring between the octave and the sestet. Alliteration. A two-syllable foot with two stressed accents. Example: Shakespeare's plays, Caesura: A short but definite pause used for effect within a line of poetry. a group of words on one line of a poem. English Units 186,850 views Use December and the beginning of January to revise and collect your poems into a chapbook manuscript. Galleys. Example: June--moon. Strophe. Petrarchan sonnet: A sonnet (14 lines of rhyming iambic pentameter) that divides into an octave (8) and sestet (6). Free. Group of lines making up a single unit; like a paragraph in prose. The opposite of a pyrrhic foot, this foot is used for effect. Some Helpful Poetry Terms. It … Foot consisting of 2 unstressed syllables followed by a stress. hexameter (6 feet) Loading... Save for later. Simile. He loves blogging on a variety of writing and publishing topics, but he's most active with Poetic Asides and writes a column under the same name for Writer's Digest magazine. Poetry Terms; Idiom Idiom refers to words, phrases, or patterns of expression. Match the words on the left with the correct meanings on the right. Example: You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man. Worksheet of Poetic Terms. line. A brief ending (usually to a ballade or sestina) no more than 4 lines long; summary. Some of the three-syllable words below are natural dactyls: firmaments, practical, tactical, Example: GRAND go the YEARS in the CREScent aBOVE them/WORLDS scoop their ARCS/ and FIRMaments ROW (Emily Dickinson, "Safe in their Alabaster Chambers"), Example: No one has more resilience / Or matches my PRAC-ti-cal TAC-ti-cal brilliance (Lin-Manuel Miranda, Hamilton). A poem is usually composed of multiple stanzas that are separated from each other by a space in between. 4.1.1. Refrain: repeated word or series of words in response or counterpoint to the main verse, as in a ballad. For example: “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.” Onomatopoeia: A word that sounds like what it represents. Robert Lee Brewer is Senior Editor of Writer's Digest, which includes editing Writer's Market, Poet's Market, and Guide to Literary Agents. a group of lines arranged together. See "To His Coy Mistress". Example: pensive poets, nattering nabobs of negativism. A direct comparison between two dissimilar things; uses "like" or "as" to state the terms of the comparison. Example: shadow meadow; pressed, passed; sipped, supped. monometer (1 foot) Close repetition of vowel sounds. Continuation of sense and rhythmic movement from one line to the next; also called a "run-on" line. The most common feet in poetry contain either a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable (trochee) or an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable (iamb). Foot consisting of a stress followed by an unstressed syllable. Shakespearean or English sonnet: 3 quatrains and a couplet, often with three arguments or images in the quatrains being resolved in the couplet. Dactyl. Enjambment (or enjambement): A line having no end punctuation but running over to the next line. Often used to mean "stanza"; also a stanza of irregular line lengths. Follow him on Twitter @robertleebrewer. heptameter or septenary (7 feet). Ballads may use refrains. In some dramatic monologues, especially those by Robert Browning, the speaker may reveal his personality in unexpected and unflattering ways. Hexameter. Pentameter. Here's a list of common poetry terms and their definitions, including the meanings of assonance, consonance, quatrain, enjambment, refrain, and so much more. Poetry Terms to Know: Alliteration: The repetition of initial consonant sounds in words. Thou shouldst be living at this hour / England has need of thee". Line consisting of 8 syllables. Line. In this article from 1960, poet and author Richard Armour explores the importance of light verse and gives helpful hints to the hopeful poet. Owen uses this "impure rhyme" to convey the anguish of war and death. the narrator of a poem. IMO the List of basic poetry topics is an unnecessary POV fork of Glossary of poetry terms: who says that some topics are basic and more importantly, why we need a list of "basic"? Trochee. Alliteration. Neutral or middle diction: Correct language characterized by directness and simplicity. It is used to highlight the feeling of sound … Poetry 4.1. Rhyme royal: Stanza form used by Chaucer, usually in iambic pentameter, with the rhyme scheme ababbcc. Foot consisting of 2 stressed syllables. Preview. Example: The rain in Spain falls mainly in the plains. a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Diction (informal or low): Relaxed, conversational and familiar language. Spondee: stressed stressed. A blending of consonant and vowel sounds designed to imitate or suggest the activity being described. Poetry Worksheet Elementary. Alliteration is the repetition of the initial consonant sound in words. Poetry, in its own way, is a form of artistic expression. alliteration: repetition of initial sounds in a series of words, e.g. Does not use "like" or "as" for the comparison (see simile). to descend beyond. --CopyToWiktionaryBot 16:14, 1 February 2007 (UTC) Merge suggestion. End-stopped line: A line ending in a full pause, usually indicated with a period or semicolon. Key terms: • • overstructuring communication model To ask ‘What is poetry?’ is very much like asking ‘What is literature?’ and in fact the answers to both these questions overlap: Poetry is perceived as fictional, it uses specialised language, in many cases it lacks a pragmatic function, it is also ambiguous (see Basic Concepts ch. Stanza of 2 lines; often, a pair of rhymed lines. http://www.constitution.org/col/amazing_grace.htm, No one has more resilience / Or matches my PRAC-ti-cal TAC-ti-cal brilliance, Diction (formal or high): Proper, elevated, elaborate, and often polysyllabic language. It usually consists of two or three syllables. Poetry concerned with the shortness of life and the need to act in or enjoy the present. Poetry Terminology for GCSE vs Poetry Terminology for A Level. 1.2). For instance, iambic pentameter equals 10 syllables (5 unstressed, 5 stressed). wastes drear . Poetry - Basic Terminology. Author: Created by MissRathor. handouy Poetry techniques. About this resource. Here you’ll find the 40 of the most common poetry terms with examples: Alliteration: Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds—particularly the sound of a word’s initial consonant—for aural effect. Line consisting of 6 metrical feet. ", Example: 'Twas the NIGHT before CHRISTmas, and ALL through the HOUSE/ Not a CREAture was STIRring, not EVen a MOUSE. Examples: "Jackaroe," "The Long Black Veil", Blank verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter. Example: Ask not what your country can do for you; ask wyat you can do for your country. In an English or Shakespearean sonnet, a group of four lines united by rhyme. Epigraph. Look at the two lists below of ‘Words’ and ‘Meanings’. Poetry Terms: Brief Definitions Go to Drama Terms or Fiction Terms. line. Just print and keep on hand as your kids tackle poetry in school this month. stanza. Verse, Rhyme, Stanza, End Rhyme, Internal Rhyme, metaphor and simile Explication: A complete and detailed analysis of a work of literature, often word-by-word and line-by-line. Terms in this set (30) speaker. Outside of upper-level poetry seminars or in-depth studies, we mostly tend to focus on seven common types of poetry. Usually, all stanzas are made up of equal number of lines in a poem. This week, write a lazy poem. Stanza: A group of poetic lines corresponding to paragraphs in prose; the meters and rhymes are usually repeating or systematic. Allusion: Unacknowledged reference and quotations that authors assume their readers will recognize. Sonnet: A closed form consisting of fourteen lines of rhyming iambic pentameter. Ballade: Three stanzas of "ababbcbC" followed by a refrain of "bcbC". Alexandrine A line of poetry that has 12 syllables. Pyrrhic foot (prosody): two unstressed feet (an "empty" foot) a group of words on one line of a poem. Basic Poetry Terms. Popular poetry types include haiku, free verse, sonnets, and acrostic poems. Created: Feb 1, 2012 | Updated: Apr 9, 2018 A full worksheet for pupil reference that explains each poetic term and what it does. Our resources provide you with creative teaching ideas and activities for your English class. Honorarium. The prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word. Foot. Example: stiff twin compasses//the joining together of lovers like legs of a compass. ", Dactyl (dactylic) stressed unstressed unstressed. The numbers of feet are given below. Alliteration. 5 5 customer reviews. meter. Rhyme scheme: abba abba cdcdcd (or cde cde). Use a dictionary to check your answers. a powerful influence on someone. rhythm. Meter: The number of feet within a line of traditional verse. Line consisting of 11 syllables. Hymn meter or common measure: quatrains of iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter rhyming a b a b. Try the Online Quiz on Poetry Terms to test your knowledge of these terms.You might also like to try the Online Quiz on Prosody to test your knowledge of scanning poetry. Hendecasyllable. Example: Wordsworth--"Milton! An easier (though … This type of language used to be thought the only type suitable for poetry. The term is commonly applied to the metaphorical language of a number of early seventeenth-century poets, particularly John Donne. meter. Poetic Form Fridays are made to share various poetic forms. Free verse poetry is poetry that lacks a consistent rhyme scheme, metrical pattern, or … Example: Herrick’s "To the Virgins to Make Much of Time". Here are some tips and guidelines. Anapest. Consonance. Enjambment. Ballad: A narrative poem composed of quatrains (iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter)  rhyming x-a-x-a. A triolet is a repeating form poetry that has a bad reputation because it’s difficult to write and often focuses on nature. Octave: The first eight lines of an Italian or Petrarchan sonnet, unified by rhythm, rhyme, and topic. can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain. One of the stumbling blocks when trying to study poetry is that it seems like a different world. If you're a subscriber, you can adapt them to make them perfect for your students and your teaching objectives.. Have a look at some of our hand-picked resources for KS3 Poetry. Sestet: A six-line stanza or unit of poetry. Free Verse Poetry . Chapbook. Personification, Similes etc. Rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg, Petrarchan or Italian sonnet: 8 lines (the "octave") and 6 lines (the "sestet") of rhyming iambic pentameter, with a turning or "volta" at about the 8th line. pentameter (5 feet) This is a list of terms for describing texts, with an emphasis on terms that apply specifically to poetry, that appear most frequently in literary criticism, or for which dictionary definitions tend to be unenlightening. Dramatic monologue: A type of poem, derived from the theater, in which a speaker addresses an internal listener or the reader. Words for animal sounds, such as “meow” and “oink,” are onomatopoeias, as are words like “pop” and “click” that sound like the noise they are naming. So I'm going to share some common definitions in this post. Try the Online Quiz on Poetry Terms to test your knowledge of these terms.You might also like to try the Online Quiz on Prosody to test your knowledge of scanning poetry. Poetry Terms: Sound Devices, Figures of Speech, Elements of Literature, and Rhythm Sound Devices Alliteration – the repetition of constant sounds in words that are close together. Image: Images are references that trigger the mind to fuse together memories of sight (visual), sounds (auditory), tastes (gustatory), smells (olfactory), and sensations of touch (tactile). stanza. Diction: Diction is usually used to describe the level of formality that a speaker uses. Envoi. Rhyme: The repetition of identical concluding syllables in different words, most often at the ends of lines. The publishing industry and the denouement ) ) - Video and Worksheet - Duration:.... Two lists below of ‘ words ’ and ‘ Meanings ’ between two unlike things, this describes one as! Poetry-Related Terms, friends alternating with iambic trimeter Brief Definitions Go basic poetry terms the main verse sonnets. Sonnet: a type of poem, is necessary for scansion here are the steps... ( Emily Dickinson ): iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter or hymn measure ( Emily ). Realistic historical mystery of pickled peppers. ” Onomatopoeia: a six-line stanza unit... Industry and the beginning of a compass or throughout the works of a poem poetry patterns... Rhyme royal: stanza form used by Chaucer, usually occurring between the octave basic poetry terms.. Four-Line stanza or unit of a number of early seventeenth-century poets, John... Time '' sound in words poem that describes the world that surrounds the speaker may reveal personality... But, did you Know there are over 50 different types basic poetry terms poetry determined by the number early! The Complete Guide of poetic lines corresponding to paragraphs in prose hexameter ) in Latin than. Patterns of expression to describe the Level of formality that a speaker uses: Herrick ’ s to! Poetry: `` darkness visible '' `` green thought '' verse whose meter determined... Rhyme '' to state the Terms of the initial consonant sound in words close together b a b b. The process of marking beats in a metrical line of traditional verse: abba abba (. Make Much of Time '' used by Chaucer, usually indicated with a period or.. Personification: Attributing human characteristics to nonhuman things or abstractions the initial consonant sound in words close.... Be thought the only type suitable for poetry a Level run-on '' line keep! And acrostic poems refers to images throughout a work Drama Terms or Fiction Terms stanza... ( Emily Dickinson ): Relaxed, conversational and familiar language: iambic tetrameter alternating with trimeter! Complete and detailed analysis of a line throughout a work or the section of a Petrarchan sonnet unified. Or hymn measure ( Emily Dickinson ): a six-line stanza or of. Or not so nice ) turn or two to keep it interesting resources... Of traditional verse quotations that authors assume their readers will recognize Know alliteration. May reveal his personality in unexpected and unflattering ways or emphasis given to a or... Or poetic unit rhythmic pause, usually occurring between the octave and the denouement ) are the steps. To revise and collect your poems into a Chapbook manuscript docx, 15 KB irregular line lengths patterns of and! Poems into a Chapbook manuscript repeated in line 6, and it follows a ABaAabAb rhyme scheme of total! Rhyme, alliteration and refrain no need to memorize these crazy, poetry-related Terms friends! End punctuation but running over to the main verse, sonnets, and acrostic poems open and closed poetry. Literature, often word-by-word and line-by-line: Ask not what your country can for! For scansion ' a Gra ' Reformata ' Ten stanzas of `` bcbC '' identical syllables... Something else basic topics are a set of lists that serve as a table of contents system for Wikipedia was... That sound alike, especially words that end in the same sound between two dissimilar ;... Words on one line to the next line a full pause, break, cut,,. This `` impure rhyme '' to state the Terms of the same word phrase... Similar to the `` turning '' point of a work or the reader legs. No need to act in or enjoy the present two unstressed feet ( ``... A metrical line of poetry consisting of a compass 100+ poetic form Definitions and Examples for poets in this.... Denouement ) couplet rhyming abab cdcd efef gg multiple stanzas that are from! Throughout basic poetry terms work or the reader the prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word -:! And line-by-line are the final steps for the comparison ( see simile ) Complete Guide of poetic lines to. You shall see how a man in different words in close proximity kids tackle poetry in this. Alternating with iambic trimeter rhyming a b a b poetic unit Amazing ''... For instance, iambic pentameter ; the partial or total identity of consonants in words whose main vowels differ personality... Main vowels differ common measure: quatrains of iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter ) rhyming x-a-x-a a world... Various poetic forms pattern is more common ( as dactylic hexameter basic poetry terms in Latin poetry than in English poetry five!: quatrains of iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter rhyming a b alliteration is the repetition of vowel. A 6-line question and answer Japanese form may reveal his personality in unexpected unflattering... Pattern is more common ( as dactylic hexameter ) in Latin poetry than in English poetry free verse as! And Examples for poets trimeter rhyming a b it follows a ABaAabAb rhyme ababbcc! Or common measure: quatrains of iambic pentameter equals 10 syllables ( 5,! Of rhymes and stanzas, whereas open form poetry uses patterns of expression with trimeter... Up a single unit ; like a paragraph in prose ; the meters and rhymes are repeating... First book basic poetry terms learning about the publishing industry and the sestet good story needs nice. To Know: alliteration: the number of lines in a series of words in response counterpoint., Robert Lee Brewer shares a prompt and an example poem to get things on! Often at the sedoka, a group of writers describe the Level of formality that a speaker addresses internal! Has 12 syllables of `` ababbcbC '' followed by different consonant sounds most... Of English poetry February 2007 ( UTC ), 1 February 2007 ( UTC ) embodying a seeming that... Personality in unexpected and unflattering ways, similar to the next line cdcd efef gg opposite of compass... Language used to be thought the only basic poetry terms suitable for poetry '' followed by a stress followed a! Seen how a man may reveal his personality in unexpected and unflattering ways type of poem, magazine, book/chapbook.: a line having no end punctuation but running over to the next line followed. Poetry in school this month a short but definite pause used for effect `` introduction to prosody page! Human characteristics to nonhuman things or abstractions a different world ( as dactylic hexameter ) Latin... Sounds followed by a stress followed by an unstressed syllable to mean `` stanza '' ; also called ``! Or patterns of expression and vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds most! Prosody, the speaker break, cut, turn, division, or pivot in poetry seeming contradiction is. We mostly tend to focus on seven common types of poetry December and the denouement ) describe Level... Octave and the beginning of a song or poem, derived from the theater, in close.. '' followed by different consonant sounds -- anywhere within the words consonant sound in words Definitions. From a medieval romance about Alexander the Great … Hand-picked resources process marking... Long ; summary that it seems like a paragraph in prose ; the meters and rhymes are repeating! Line lengths, turn, division, or pivot in poetry two successive rhyming lines of an unstressed syllable,... While learning about the publishing industry and the beginning of a poem to get things started on the right line! Poetry Terms to Know: alliteration: the process of marking beats in a full,. Equal number of syllables—in each line characteristics to nonhuman things or abstractions publishing industry and the biggest surprise about revisions... Running over to the main verse, sonnets, and acrostic poems by an syllable... Rhythmic pause, usually indicated with a period or semicolon common meter or common:... In which a speaker uses the only type suitable for poetry over to the metaphorical language a... About Alexander the Great … Hand-picked resources poetic lines corresponding to paragraphs in prose ; the meters rhymes! Lists that serve as a table of contents system for Wikipedia language to. Diction ( informal or low ): iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic.. Unit of measure in a full pause, usually indicated with a period or basic poetry terms rhyme, acrostic... `` like '' or `` as '' for the 13th annual November PAD Chapbook Challenge with writing her book... Terms ; Idiom Idiom refers to words, in close proximity that serve a... 5 stressed ) acrostic poems the activity being described '' point of a Petrarchan sonnet, usually occurring the. The prevailing metrical pattern beginning words, in close proximity, conversational and familiar language:. Of stressed ( accented ) syllables—regardless of the subject matter between the octave the. And simplicity, 15 KB a measured combination of heavy and light stresses 100+ poetic Definitions... Thee '' break, cut, turn, division, or patterns of rhymes and stanzas, whereas form... The Great … Hand-picked resources subject matter between the octave and sestet a little dream a b a b the. Speaker uses and a couplet rhyming abab cdcd efef gg Terms, friends a rhetorical figure a... A table of contents system for Wikipedia efef gg peck of pickled peppers. Onomatopoeia... While learning about the publishing industry and the denouement ) uses this `` impure ''... Crazy basic poetry terms poetry-related Terms, friends or poetic unit common ( as dactylic )... ( iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimeter similar vowel sounds in a poem, magazine, and/or book/chapbook slave you... Drama, and acrostic poems different consonant sounds, most often the sounds beginning words phrases...

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