This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. However, there are also some contradictory research results showing a positive relationship between Qi_Deficiency and obesity [18, 28]. Yanbo et al. The TCM Body Constitution Questionnaire (BCQ) was developed by Su and is a tool used to measure and study constitution deviations clinically. TCM is an individualized medicine. The most distinguished feature of the Yang_Deficiency type of constitution is that people of this type usually feel cold. March 2019 February 2019 August 2018 July 2018 June 2018 We obtained written consent from all participants before this study, which was approved by Ethical Committee of the Huashan Hospital and performed according to ethical standards in the Declaration of Helsinki. Our study revealed significant negative correlations between the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient groups with the outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight. In view of the complexity of the body constitution in TCM, we consider the proportion of unbalanced constitution types in one person at the same time; accordingly, the Qi_Deficiency constitution could coexist with other constitution types in one person, thus leading to different results . The mean age of the total sample was 69.33 years. Conclusion: Phlegm-damp and Damp-heat TCM body constitution are strongly associated with abnormal serum cytokines, and could potentially serve as a predictor of diabetes in IGR subjects. The univariate analysis revealed a negative correlation between the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient groups and BMI, overweight, obesity, and underweight, whereas it indicated a positive correlation between Phlegm_Dampness and these outcomes. There are about 60 statements and will take around 15 minutes to complete. Underweight participants accounted for 2.59%, 5.86%, and 6.21% in the Neutral, Qi_Deficient, and Yang_Deficient groups ( for all, Figures 3(a) and 3(b)), respectively. Two basic, versatile recipes. Chi-squared test was performed to investigate the distribution characteristics of TCM constitutions in the participants with the five chronic diseases in questionnaire. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. As a well-rounded, holistic diet system, it has its roots in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chinese cuisine, and nutrition. Using the Objective Physiological Parameters to Test TCM Syndrome in Sub-health Subjects The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Our findings provided evidence that the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient constitution types were significantly and independently associated with the outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Help you identify your body constitution. Univariate analyses showed that the Qi_Deficient, Yang_Deficient, and Phlegm_Dampness variables were associated with BMI types significantly ( value < 0.05 for three, Table 2). For over 2,000 years, Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has explored the ancient concepts of Yin and Yang as the basis from which everything in the universe is formed. While the methodology of the research itself with over 12,000 random human individuals is powerful, the work also establishes … Conclusion. In the Tibetan medicine body constitution scale, correlation analysis was implemented between the scores of three subscales (rlung, mkhris pa, and bad kan) and the scores of eight subscales with unbalanced constitutions to determine the correlation between body constitution types in TCM and Tibetan medicine. Archives. A person’s constitution is associated with genetic and also post-natal influences, which includes your environment, diet, profession, emotional influences and relationships. Instructions: To take this chinese constitutional quiz read each of the conditions and select the option … The prevalence of CAD, HTN, DM, and MetS was 11.18%, 42.58%, 16.84%, and 10.80%, respectively. However, few studies have systemically explored the relationship among the nine constitutions and overweight, obesity, and underweight. found the discrepancy between the Phlegm_Dampness constitution and non-Phlegm_Dampness constitution of obesity in ATP binding gene including Janus kinase 2, nuclear receptor protein, and CDC1 , providing molecular biological evidence for the association between the Phlegm_Dampness constitution and overweight and obesity. A dietary recommendation is provided in our constitution test, not for you to restrict but to guide you to choose food more wisely for your unique body. Method . Participants aged 30 to 90 years were recruited from communities in Shanghai and assessed using a self-administered questionnaire pertaining to their demographics, lifestyles, and self-reported medical history. After excluding the incomplete responses, 3748 subjects with available data were used for the analysis. Zihui Tang and Jingcheng Dong conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, and helped to draft the manuscript. TCM herbs are used to address sperm count, motility and morphology. Imagine a roaring fire and you will have some idea of what kind of person is a Fire … Yin-Yang explores the idea that everything is connected to everything else by mutual states of development and change. Hypertension (HTN), BMI, and DM were defined as in earlier studies [14–16]. Almost every Chinese knows one thing or two about body constitution “体质.” It is “the characteristics of an individual, including structural and functional characteristics, temperament, adaptability to environmental changes and susceptibility to disease. A higher prevalence of overweight or obesity was found in Phlegm_Dampness participants. found that greasy food, lack of exercise, irregular sleep, and smoking were all important determinants of the Phlegm_Dampness constitution . Here you will be able to get a general idea of your constitution and learn how to eat right for your own body. In Chinese medicine, they are used to diagnose disease and the resulting treatment plan will either emphasize a weak element or sedate an excessive element to restore balance and order in the body. The proportion of subjects with habits of drinking and smoking was 16.78% and 18.94%, respectively. We have all 5 body types and qualities within us, but there are always 2 DOMINANT ones. … This is the typical wood-type people with damp-heat constitution in TCM. Details. Mihui Li and Yubao Lv drafted the manuscript. The constitution of each person is influenced by congenital and acquired factors, and this varies from person to person. Traditional Chinese medicine considers that everyone’s physical constitution is different. Zhang, X.-S. Yang et al., “Analysis of composite traditional Chinese medicine constitution: An investigation of 974 volunteers,”, Y. L. Feng, G. Y. Zheng, and C. Q. Ling, “The investigation of the correlation between metabolic syndrome and chinese medicine constitution types in senior retired military personnel of the people's liberation army,”, M. Ng, T. Fleming, and M. Robinson, “Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013,”, Z. Wenhua, Z. Yi, H. Jianping et al., “Economic burden of obesity related chronic disease in China,”, X. Hanpeng, W. Xintong, C. Naichun et al., “The relationship between lifestyle and obesity,”, D. Vancampfort, M. Hallgren, J. Mugisha et al., “The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in alcohol use disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis,”, F. Montazerifar, A. Bolouri, R. S. Paghalea, M. K. Mahani, and M. Karajibani, “Obesity, serum resistin and leptin levels linked to coronary artery disease,”, Z. Yanbo, W. Qi, and Y. Shilin, “Study on the related influencing factors of Yang-deficiency constitution in Chinese medicine,”, W. Ji, L. Yingshuai, L. Liru et al., “Genomics on nine types of TCM costituion,”, Z. Yanbo, W. Qi, W. Chengyu et al., “Logistic regression analysis on relationship between traditional Chinese medicine constitutional types and overweight or obesity,”, Z. Yanbo, “Constitutional classification and comprehensive evaluation in Chinese medicine,”, W. Qi, Z. Yangbo, O. Hideki et al., “Study on related influencing factors of phlegm_wetness constitution in Chinese medicine,”, W. Qi, Y. Jianong, Z. Yangbo et al., “Research on diagnosis standard of phlegm-dampness constitution of TCM,”, W. Dongpo and W. Qi, “Analysis and expectation of the current research on phlegm-dampness constituion,”, G. Haiyang, G. Jinghong, and Q. Wang, “Peripheral blood gene expression profile of Chinese adult obesities by gene chip technique,”, Y. Wu, Y. Cun, J. Dong et al., “Polymorphisms in, J. Wang, Q. Wang, L. Li et al., “Phlegm-dampness constitution: genomics, susceptibility, adjustment and treatment with traditional Chinese medicine,”, W. Qi, G. Haiyang, and G. Jinghong, “Study on characteristics of peripheral blood gene expression profile in the obesity with phlegm-dampness constitution,”. It is important to know the body constitution in order to diagnose with the correct properties herbs. The TCM constitutions were assessed using a standard questionnaire recommended by the China Association for Traditional Chinese Medicine (Supplementary Document 1 in Supplementary Material available online at https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7361896) . Nutrition, Chinese herbs and flower essences are especially helpful forms of treatment. Qing, Y. Lu, T. Yi, K.-Q. Observing body types of celebrities is a lot of fun. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. The authors declared that there are no conflicts of interest. However, evidence on how concurrent TCM treatment affects … Sign up to receive weekly information & inspiring recipes from TCM nutrition. $8.99. Both acupuncture and herbs are aimed to improve your body constitution and treating other factors that may interfere with conception. These findings may provide insights into clinical practice toward the prevention and diagnosis of the overweight, obesity, and underweight health outcomes. Quiz Fiveseasons TCM Diet Chart. What do you think is your TCM body type? A total of 10 different Ayurveda types can be distinguished with the Ayurveda Test. This is partly because prevention (known in TCM as “Zhi Wei Bing”) is the one of the most important essences of TCM, indicating the preventive treatment of diseases. This study investigated the association between Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) body constitution and serum cytokines, and whether body constitution could independently predict diabetes in IGR subjects. A t… Objective. Chemotherapy after surgery for breast cancer plays a fundamental role in reducing the risk of distant and local recurrence. Stasis-related items were first generated from TCM textbooks and a literature review.The 23-item Stasis Body Constitution Questionnaire (BCQs) was then developed using the Delphi method involving 27 experts with TCM and MM professional training and administered to 958 participants receiving physical examination at a teaching hospital or at the TCM outpatient department. MLR revealed independent and significant associations among the Qi_Deficient and Yang_Deficient groups with the outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight ( for all). The content validity of the items of BCQ was evaluated through a Delphi process with a … The Phlegm_Dampness constitution type is very common in the study population. The data of 3748 participants with complete information was available for the … Qi et al. No significant association was found in the other constitution groups (data not shown). Our research yielded interesting findings. This study investigated the association between Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) body constitution and serum cytokines, and whether body constitution could independently predict diabetes in IGR subjects. Based on the symptoms presented, it is possible to evaluate one’s constitution using the standard questionnaire . We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Please select an option！ Grant, D. H.-T. Chang, J. Liu, V. Wong, H. Kiat, and A. Bensoussan, “Chinese herbal medicine for impaired glucose tolerance: a randomized placebo controlled trial,”, A. Hussain, M. K. Yadav, S. Bose et al., “Daesiho-tang is an effective herbal formulation in attenuation of obesity in mice through alteration of gene expression and modulation of intestinal microbiota,”, Y. Zheng, J. Zhang, Y. Wang et al., “Acupuncture Decreases Blood Pressure Related to Hypothalamus Functional Connectivity with Frontal Lobe, Cerebellum, and Insula: A Study of Instantaneous and Short-Term Acupuncture Treatment in Essential Hypertension,”, J. Liu, F. Xu, N. Mohammadtursun, Y. Lv, Z. Tang, and J. Dong, “The Analysis of Constitutions of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Relation to Cerebral Infarction in a Chinese Sample,”, C.-X. It belongs to biased type of TCM's body constitution. Wood Qualities: goal setter, achiever, planner, visionary, go getter, task oriented, list maker. This is a self-assessment for TCM body constitution. The identified genes are involved in enzyme activities and sterol transporter activities as well as in the process of lipid metabolism, cholesterol metabolism, brown fat cell differentiation, gluconeogenesis, and thermoregulation, indicating that an individual with Phlegm_Dampness constitution is susceptible to metabolic disorders including obesity . Traditional Chinese medicine considers that everyone’s physical constitution is different. Questionnaire of constitution of Chinese traditional medicine. It is relatively stable, being in part, genetically determined and in part, acquired.”. Mihui Li and Shuming Mo have contributed equally to this work. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients before the study. Yang and hot type Individuals have a sturdy body. Phlegm_Dampness was positively, significantly, and independently correlated with the outcomes of overweight and obesity. Objective . On the other hand, positive correlations were found between Phlegm_Dampness and the outcomes of overweight and obesity. Several studies on the body constitution in TCM have been conducted in recent years, and most of the study participants were from the central or western region of China [18–20]. This study was aimed at investigating the relationship of body constitutions of TCM with overweight, obesity, and underweight in this sample. Definition of Body Constitution Theory 4. The Energetic Body An Overview. Stasis-related items were first generated from TCM textbooks and a literature review.The 23-item Stasis Body Constitution Questionnaire (BCQs) was then developed using the Delphi method involving 27 experts with TCM and MM professional training and administered to 958 participants receiving physical examination at a teaching hospital or at the TCM outpatient department. Intuitive Fire Symptoms of Imbalance: 1. The standards of classification and determination of the constitution in TCM were used to gauge the patients’ constitution type. (a) The prevalence of underweight was 2.59% and 5.86% in Neutral group and Qi_Deficient group (. This quiz is designed to determine which areas you are excess or deficient in and whether your chi is sagging or deficient. Herbs to s… When one of the Doshas is dominant, the constitution is either Vata, Pitta, or Kapha. Wood Qualities: goal setter, achiever, planner, visionary, go getter, task oriented, list maker. There are also five chinese elements: wood, fire, earth, metal and water in addition to the concepts of . The mean of BMI in the Neutral, Qi_Deficient, Yang_Deficient, and Phlegm_Dampness groups was 24.24 kg/m2, 23.66 kg/m2, 23.07 kg/m2, and 25.10 kg/m2 ( for all, Figures 1(a)–1(c)), respectively. Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide  and is associated with various health issues, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), certain types of cancer, and asthma [3, 4]. In clinical practice, we could apply the constitution of the Chinese medicine scale to estimate the risks of the Phlegm_Dampness constitution in terms of obesity and overweight and its related diseases. Passionate 3. With thousands of years of history, TCM Food Therapy is a practice of healing that uses medicinal herbs and foods to help our body achieve balance. People who are overweight and suffering from obesity have excessive subcutaneous fat, the function of which is to maintain body temperature and help them resist colder temperatures. Correspondence analysis was used to explore the correlation between them.Results. The prevalence of overweight, obesity, and underweight in the total sample was 25.43%, 10.54%, and 2.48%, respectively. Remember, body constitutions are mixed, varied in degree, and changeable. The meridian system is a key concept of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), but ancient understandings of the energetic body are shared by many countries in Southeast Asia.It is believed that energy—also called the life force, prana, or qi (chi)—flows throughout the body in the same way that blood does. Insomnia 3. This type of body constitution easily fatigue. The proportions of normal BMI, overweight, and obesity were 37.52%, 34.07%, and 31.38% in the Qi_Deficient group ( and for trend = 0.043, Figure 2(a)), respectively. The datasets generated and/or analysed during the current study are not publicly available due to private information but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. When an individual’s constitution is evaluated, the congenital hereditary factor, physiological functions, psychological conditions, and social factor are usually taken into account, suggesting that the constitution has a close relationship with chronic diseases. Anxiety 2. Participants aged 30 to 90 years were recruited from communities in Shanghai and assessed using a self-administered questionnaire pertaining to their demographics, lifestyles, and self-reported medical history. An increasing number of patients seek traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) during adjuvant chemotherapy to relieve symptom discomfort and side effects as well as to strengthen the body’s defenses. Dietary cautions. A value of <0.05 was considered significant (two-sided tests). Much of the research has demonstrated that unhealthy lifestyles in terms of habits such as alcohol consumption lead to overweight and obesity, which in turn are closely related to many chronic diseases [23–25]. In the lecture Dr. Wang will introduce TCM clinical application of body constitution … This study investigated the association between Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) body constitution and serum cytokines, and whether body constitution could independently predict diabetes in IGR subjects.
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